Ideal and Practical Energy Sources, Application of Kirchhoff’s Law, Superposition Theorem, Thevenin’s Theorem, & Maximum Power Transfer Theorem.
Introduction to Semiconductor-Intrinsic & Extrinsic, PN junction, its characteristics, half wave, full wave rectifier circuits with efficiency, basic filter circuits, Diode as a voltage multiplier, clipper & clamper circuit., Characteristics and applications of Special diodes : zener diode, Varactor Diode, Schottky Diode, LED .
Introduction to transistors, Characteristics of transistors in different configuration. Concept of load line and operating point, Various biasing techniques, determination of voltage gain, current gain, input resistance and output resistance & power gain. Construction and characteristics of JFET and MOSFET.
Negative feedback & its effect, Types (Voltage series,voltage-shunt,current- series and current shunt),positive feedback & oscillators (RC phase shift, colpitts, hartley, wein-bridge, and crystal(piezoelectric effect))
Differential amplifier and its transfer characteristics. IC Op-Amps, its ideal & practical specifications and measurement of parameters. Op-Amp in different modes as inverting amplifier, non inverting amplifier, Voltage comparator, Summing, Scaling and averaging Amplifier, differentiator & integrator. IC 555 Timer & its applications.
Regulated Power Supplies
Line Regulation and Load Regulation, Zener voltage regulator, voltage regulator IC 78XX and 79XX, Series Regulated power supply, Switch Mode Power Supply(SMPS), Uninterrupted Power Supply(UPS)
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